2016 the Hubble house telescope turned towards a darkish patch of sky within the constellation URSA main. It captured a picture of an vague blob of sunshine the glow is from a distant galaxy known as GNZ 11 essentially the most distant galaxy we have ever noticed however is that this the sting of the universe the universe throughout us is full of galaxies so it is sort of pure to say would there be a last galaxy if you happen to traveled far sufficient away would you lastly be on the final galaxy within the universe looking into empty house that is a tough query to reply as a result of there is a restrict to how far we will see all of it comes right down to the pace of sunshine and the age of the universe the important thing to understanding the sting of the universe is that mild travels very quick however not infinitely quick it takes time for it to get from one place within the universe to the opposite you open the curtains mild fills the room it would not appear to journey in any respect however over the huge distances of the universe.
You truly discover this journey time even the solar 93 million miles away the sunshine takes eight minutes to get to us whenever you look out on the stars we begin to consider distance when it comes to mild years as a result of it takes years for the sunshine to get from these stars to us after which whenever you take a look at galaxies then you definitely’re speaking about tens of millions or billions of sunshine years once we take a look at the sunshine from galaxy GNZ 11 we’re seeing mild emitted 13.four billion years in the past you’ll be able to’t actually even discover a galaxy an excessive amount of farther away than that as a result of the universe is barely 13.eight billion years previous and it takes a sure period of time for galaxies to even type so we’re not going to seek out too many extra galaxies farther away than this if issues are far sufficient away there is no such thing as a method that mild can get to us within the age of the universe what this implies is there is a arduous restrict to the sting of the universe that we will see and that is set by the age of the universe GN sparked into life early within the historical past of the universe simply 400 million years after the large bang earlier than that there have been no stars to ship out mild if you happen to look in any course in any respect you get all the way in which again to when there have been no stars no galaxies nothing however highly regarded fuel and that form of kinds a shell round us that outer shell is the cosmic microwave background it’s the oldest mild within the universe the echo of the beginning of the universe the large bang the sting of our universe the very furthest factor that we will see is among the earliest relics of the formation of the universe itself that’s the cosmic microwave background we name this the sting of our observable universe.
so we’ve an observable universe however past that even when there are issues on the market there is no method we will see them as a result of the sunshine simply couldn’t have gotten to us by now because the identify states the observable universe is just the a part of the universe we will see we will consider the observable universe as form of like a highlight centered on wherever you are standing proper now and you’ll see to the sting of your highlight and never past however if you happen to transfer a little bit bit to the left a little bit bit to the best your observable universe truly strikes with you for somebody residing in galaxy gnz11 a very totally different a part of the universe could be observable in order that distant galaxy is on the fringe of our observable universe and we’re on the fringe of their observable universe we’ve totally different spotlights one of many great issues to consider is that there are different spheres round different galaxies there are different aliens trying up into the sky tonight questioning what the true extent of the universe is the true extent of our universe would not finish with galaxy GNZ 11.
However when astronomers use the Hubble house telescope to precisely measure the space to GNZ 11 they discover one thing surprising it is 32 billion mild years away 3 times additional than thought potential so if nothing can journey sooner than mild and we measure the space to this galaxy how can it’s 32 billion mild years away there hasn’t been sufficient time within the historical past of the universe for mild from GNZ 11 to achieve us there have to be some mistake right here proper at this level your mind might be considering of leaping out of your cranium and working round screaming belief me i do know I am an astronomer I have been doing this my entire life and these things twists my creativeness up it is actually arduous to understand this how can we see a galaxy that is 32 billion mild years away and solely 13.four billion years previous GNZ 11 is additional away than it needs to be as a result of one thing unusual is happening with our universe it is increasing and if the universe is increasing then the place does its edge lie and might we ever attain it